Betty Holberton


 Engineer who answered “no” when her math professor asked if she wouldn’t be better off at home raising children, “computor” who was one of six women to program the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer) for the Army during WWII, Chief of Programming Research Branch of the Applied Mathematics Laboratory at David Taylor Model Basin, one of the developers of UNIVAC (Universal Automatic Computer) who designed the control panels that put the number pad next to the keyboard, writer of the first programming system (SORT/MERGE) and the first statistical analysis package used in the 1950 U.S. Census, co-developer of the C-10 instruction for BINAC (Binary Automatic Computer) that is the basis for all modern programming languages, and assisted in the development, with Grace Hopper, of COBOL and FORTRAN